They then divided his garments among them, but cast lots for his seamless robe.After Jesus' death they pierced his side with a spear to be certain that he had died.
The Gospel of Luke's unique contributions to the narrative include Jesus' words to the women who were mourning, one criminal's rebuke of the other, the reaction of the multitudes who left "beating their breasts", and the women preparing spices and ointments before resting on the Sabbath.
After being flogged, Jesus was mocked by Roman soldiers as the "King of the Jews", clothed in a purple robe, crowned with thorns, beaten and spat on.
Jesus then had to make his way to the place of his crucifixion.
According to Mark's Gospel, he endured the torment of crucifixion for some six hours from the third hour, at approximately 9 am, until his death at the ninth hour, corresponding to about 3 pm.
The soldiers affixed a sign above his head stating "Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews" in three languages, divided his garments and cast lots for his seamless robe.
Craig Blomberg states that most scholars in the third quest for the historical Jesus consider the crucifixion indisputable. Sanders and Paula Fredriksen support the historicity of the crucifixion but contend that Jesus did not foretell his own crucifixion and that his prediction of the crucifixion is a "church creation" (p. Geza Vermes also views the crucifixion as a historical event but provides his own explanation and background for it.