They are adapted to high cultivation and are now much appreciated for this purpose. Tliroughout this region the chestnut was once a common tree, altliough to-day comparative! Before tlie denudation of tlie land of the primitive forest, the white pine was tlie most numerous of our forest trees, growing everywhere, but particularly adapted to the plains.
They generally have a cla^^ soil, as they lie below the line which sep- arates the clay earth from the sandy earth. Swanze}', to-day, has but one-third of its surface covered with for- est trees.
d9T Mxhr^rp xjrf M^ecltttatogg w N, N / MAP OF BWJk M^m Y. It has long been the feeling of many of the citizens of Swanzey, of those who love their home and revere the memory of those who have gone before them, of those whose interests are identified with the -J- welfare of the town, that some measures should be taken to arrange, v O preserve, and put in a readable form the record of those events in our CM ^ ^ early history which could be obtained, and which were worthy of preservation. In 1882 an attempt was again made but failed as before. Topography — Situation, "Water-courses, Min- erals, Soil, Forest Trees, Fruits, Animals ... The Indians of the Connecticut and Ashue- lot Valleys ........ General Outline History — Township granted, Names of Grantees, Proprietors' Records, Di- visions of Land, Settlement of Province Boundary Line, New Hampshire Charter, Land annexed from Richmond, Disannexed to other towns, Committee of Safety, Beef Tax, Vermont Controversy, Warning out of town, Paper- money, Names of Settlers, Employment of the People, Food, Dress, Farming and Household Implements, "Wages. Oakman, 409 ; Ockington, Olcott, 410 ; Oliver, Osborn, Osgood, 411. Ramsey, Rjimsdell, Raj'mond, 424; Randall, 426; Read, 427; Reed, 432; Rice, Rich, Richardson, 433; Rider, Ripley, Rixford, Robbins, 437; Roble}', Rogers, Robinson, Rockwood, 438; Rugg, 439 ; Russell, 440. Biographical and Supplementary — Indi- vidual biographies, alphabetically arranged . The gradual reclothing of our hillsides with forest trees is a matter of great satisfaction to all interested in the farming interests of the state. 26, 1862; discharged at the expiration of three 3'ears' service.
The wild Indian of the forest, knowing nothing of letters, in his own peculiar way recounts to his children the exploits of his fathers, and tradition does for him in part what the historian does for an enlightened people. The town, on the plea of the existing indebtedness, voted to dismiss the article. — Early military move- ments during the Revolutionary "War, Soldiers at Bunker Hill, Cambridge, Canada, Ticonderoga, etc.. Ham- mond's Ride, Beef for the Army, Bounties and Payments to soldiers, "War of 1812, Action of the Town in the "War of the Rel)ellion, Enlistment Drafts, Bounties Paid, Sol- diers' Individual Record, Military Laws, Trainings and Musters, Swanzey's Military Companies, Cavalry, Artil- lery, Rifle Company, Officers of each. Nadow, Nason, Naylon, Nelson, Newell, Newton, 408 ; Nichols, Nicholson, Nittrowr, Norwood, 409. The growth of white pine and grey birch is increasing, as much of the cleared land has been abandoned and has grown up to brush, which easily gives way to the pine and birch.
It is a significant fact that, in the northern portion of the state which has less rain than the southern and central portions, the hay crops are often above the average the same years that the hay croi)s in the south are poor on account of drought.
All material prepared by said Read for which he has or shall have received pay shall be the property of the town subject to the disposal of the committee." This contract was dated March 30, 1885. Read's finding the work of greater magni- tude than he supposed, and of other employments which claimed his attention, its completion has been delayed and the histor}' brought down to the present date. The wild grape grows upon the intervales and produces yerj' good fruit, although the improvement of the land has not tended to better its quality. The native animals that were known to the earl^'^ settlers and which became nearly extinct here many years since, were the wolf, bear, catamount, lynx, beaver, otter and deer.
The township map has been prepared expressly for the book and gives the names of the resident population in 1890. Those which caused the in- habitants the most annoj'ance were the wolf and bear.
Eames, 330; Eastman, Eaton, 332; Ellis, 333; Ellor, Emerson, 334 ; Emery, Evans, Eveletli, 335. Upon the cla3'e3^ soils the elms flourished to a considerable extent, such a soil being particularly adapted for their growth.
Danforlh, Daniels, Dnvidson, Darling, 323 ; Day, Dickerinan, 324; Derby, Dickinson, 325 ; Dodge, Dolby, Downing, 328 ; Draper, Drewry, Dunham, Dunton, Dnrant, Duston, Dvvinnel, 329. 169 View of Baptist and Universalist Meeting Houses, West Swanzey, looking westerly . The first of these varieties were often of good size.
C^sar Union Library, Swanzey Centre, facing west ....... Meeting Houses, West Swanzey, looking westerly ...... The Connecticut valley is covered with a soil derived from calcareous rocks, and it is this soil which is the richest and most valuable of the four ; but as we pass to the eastward we reach a basin composed of gneissic and granitic soils, which has the least value of all. The greater part of the state is underlain by gneiss, — practically the same as granite — but which produces a better soil than granite.