The International Organization for Migration (IOM), the single largest global provider of services to victims of trafficking, reports receiving an increasing number of cases in which victims were subjected to forced labor. 2010 was particularly notable as the first year in which IOM assisted more victims of labor trafficking than those who had been trafficked for purposes of sexual exploitation." Child labour is a form of work that may be hazardous to the physical, mental, spiritual, moral, or social development of children and can interfere with their education.
According to the International Labour Organization, the global number of children involved in child labor has fallen during the past decade – it has declined by one third, from 246 million in 2000 to 168 million children in 2012. * Gray – No data; * Green – Trafficking is illegal and rare; * Yellow – Trafficking is illegal but problems still exist; * Purple – Trafficking is illegal but still practiced; * Blue – Trafficking is limitedly illegal and is practiced; * Red – Trafficking is not illegal and is commonly practiced.
To date, it is the second most frequently downloaded UNODC report.
One of its purposes is to facilitate international cooperation in investigating and prosecuting such trafficking.
Another is to protect and assist human trafficking's victims with full respect for their rights as established in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Human trafficking is the trade in people, especially women and children, and does not necessarily involve the movement of the person from one place to another. Of these, 14.2 million (68%) were exploited for labor, 4.5 million (22%) were sexually exploited, and 2.2 million (10%) were exploited in state-imposed forced labor.
According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), forced labor alone (one component of human trafficking) generates an estimated 0 billion in profits per annum as of 2014. Although human trafficking can occur at local or domestic levels, it has international implications, as recognized by the United Nations in the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children (also referred to as the Trafficking Protocol or the Palermo Protocol), an international agreement under the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (CTOC) which entered into force on 25 December 2003.
After entry into the country and arrival at their ultimate destination, the smuggled person is usually free to find their own way.