The layout and urban fabric of the settlement has been preserved in a manner unlike any other settlements in the Persian Gulf, providing an insight into the urban life, spatial organization, and the social and economic history of the Persian Gulf before the discovery of oil and gas in the 20th century.
Covering an area of circa 400 hectares (60 hectares inside the outer town wall), Zubarah is Qatar’s most substantial archaeological site.
The town's prosperity further increased after the 1775–76 Persian occupation of Basra when merchants and other refugees fleeing from Basra settled in Zubarah.
A quarrel arose in 1782 between the inhabitants of Zubarah and Persian-ruled Bahrain.
Zubarah's settlement and growth during this period is attributed to the dislodging of people from these adjacent settlements.
Goncalo da Silveira set a number of neighboring coastal villages ablaze.
They used a flag with four red and three white stripes with seven triangles facing the west, called the Al-Sulami flag in Bahrain, Qatar, Kuwait, and the Eastern province of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Under their jurisdiction, the town developed trade links with India, Oman, Iraq and Kuwait.
and its port making it one of the most important port and pearl trading centers in the Persian Gulf in the 18th Century.
They also expanded their settlements, and constructed walls and a fort outside the town of Zubarah called Qal'at Murair (Murair Castle), the name is derived from a water spring in the Bani Sulaim area next to Madina Al Munawara in today's Saudi Arabia also known as Herat Bani Sulaim.
Cork, none Tel: 00353 21 4375253Fax: 00353 21 [email protected]"Mc Grail's of Erin"Anne Mc Grail/Peruscini Chairperson - Mc Grail's of Erin Desert Passage @ the Aladdin Suite 1953663 Las Vegas Blvd.